Merit Network
Can't find what you're looking for? Search the Mail Archives.
  About Merit   Services   Network   Resources & Support   Network Research   News   Events   Home

Discussion Communities: Merit Network Email List Archives

North American Network Operators Group

Date Prev | Date Next | Date Index | Thread Index | Author Index | Historical

Tier-2 reachability and multihoming

  • From: G Pavan Kumar
  • Date: Wed Mar 23 23:18:26 2005


Hi there,
I have been working on characterizing the internet hierarchy.
I noticed that 27% of the total possible tier-2 provider node pairs are
unreachable i.e., they dont have any tier-1 node connecting them nor a
direct peering link between them.
Multihoming can be used as a predominant reason for the
reachability of tier-3 nodes which are customers of these nodes, but what about the reachability of tier-2 nodes themselves and its customers which cannot afford to multihoming? How does BGP solve this reachability problem when it gets a request to a prefix unreachable?

1 tier-1
/
2 4 tier-2
/ \ / \
5 6 7 8 tier-3

here, nodes 2 and 4 have no reachability,
1
/ |
2 3 4
/ \ \/ \
5 6 7 8

now, node 7 is reachable from 2 and its lower level nodes, but what
about
node 4 and 8, and as a typical case, suppose nodes 4 and 8 have no
multihoming whatsoever, what then?

Regards,
pavan




Discussion Communities


About Merit | Services | Network | Resources & Support | Network Research
News | Events | Contact | Site Map | Merit Network Home


Merit Network, Inc.