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Re: NAP History (was RE: The large ISPs and Peering)
- From: steve wolff
- Date: Thu Jul 26 16:54:34 2001
Comments inline... -s
On Thursday 26 July 2001 16:24, Sean Donelan wrote:
> On Thu, 26 July 2001, steve wolff wrote:
> > With the impending closure of the NSFNET Backbone, and the distfribution
> > of those funds to (academic) regional networks for the purpose of buying
> > backbone service from ISPs on the open market, NSF feared that universal
> > connectivity within the US higher education community might be lost - if
> > all ISPs concerned did not peer with one another.
> The NSF never required ISPs peer with one another. The requirement
> was to "connect" to the three primary NAPs, not exchange traffic. Universal
> connectivity was an issue we are still dealing with.
NSF placed the requirement on the regionals - not the NAPs nor the ISPs.
Universal connectivity WAS maintained - for that community.
> > Accordingly, NSF established the NAPs as open exchange points, and the
> > funds distributed to regional networks to buy backbone service had a
> > string attached: the regionals could only buy from ISPs who agreed to
> > come to one or more NAPs and exchange higher ed traffic. Thus the
> > universal connectivity of the community NSF was charged to serve was
> > aassured.
> The CIX router had a mandatory peering policy, assuring universal
> connectivity among its members. For several years, the CIX router
> served as the "router of last resort." But some providers didn't
> like that policy.
And still don't...
> Neither MAE-East, or the NAPs had "AUPs" covering traffic exchange.
Quite right; the NAPs were AUP-free - taking advantage of a special
exemption granted by the US Congress the year before.
> > NSF never intended the NAPs to be the ONLY peering/exchange points, and
> > never contemplated a 'stamp of approval' (or disapproval, for that
> > matter) for anybody else's exchange point; the NAPs were inclusive, not
> > exclusive.
Stephen Wolff 202 362 7110 voice
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