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revised ACL 112 ?

  • From: Philippe Strauss
  • Date: Wed Jun 16 17:39:15 1999

Hi nanogers,

Recently (today :) I've been playing with configuring Sean
ACL 112 on our transit BGP router.
I'm surprised by the number of routes which have been dropped,
especialy in the 206.0.0.0/7 range.

The exact access list is the one Sean described on this
list in 1995, available at http://www.ianai.net/filters/Sprint-ACL112

Here are the result:

Before:
Neighbor        V    AS MsgRcvd MsgSent   TblVer  InQ OutQ Up/Down  State/PfxRcd
144.85.0.5      4  6893      42      30   687201    0    0 00:22:52       13
194.38.74.206   4  6776      28      37   687201    0    0 00:24:54       21
194.38.74.214   4 65501      26      27   687202    0    0 00:22:15        2
194.38.74.218   4 65402       0       0        0    0    0 never    Idle (Admin)
194.148.254.253 4  3334      28      30   687162    0    0 00:23:04        2
195.89.0.85     4  5378   22567      26   687202    0    0 00:20:38    59045
195.141.225.1   4  6730   22398      15   687202    0    0 00:09:00    62345
195.202.192.33  4  8493    1040    1042   687202    0    0 17:17:48        0
195.202.192.41  4  8493    1040    1042   687202    0    0 17:17:53        0
195.202.192.77  4  8493    1040    1042   687202    0    0 17:17:48        0
195.202.192.117 4  8493      89      91   687202    0    0 01:26:17        0

Right after (clear ip bgp (5378|6730) soft in):
Neighbor        V    AS MsgRcvd MsgSent   TblVer  InQ OutQ Up/Down  State/PfxRcd
144.85.0.5      4  6893      45      33   749634    0    0 00:25:43       13
194.38.74.206   4  6776      31      40   749634    0    0 00:27:45       21
194.38.74.214   4 65501      28      30   749634    1    0 00:25:06        2
194.38.74.218   4 65402       0       0        0    0    0 never    Idle (Admin)
194.148.254.253 4  3334      30      32   687372    0    0 00:25:56        2
195.89.0.85     4  5378   22669      29   687372    1    0 00:23:30    41236
195.141.225.1   4  6730   22452      17   687372   14    0 00:11:52    42188
195.202.192.33  4  8493    1043    1045   749634    0    0 17:20:40        0
195.202.192.41  4  8493    1043    1045   749634    0    0 17:20:44        0
195.202.192.77  4  8493    1043    1045   749634    0    0 17:20:40        0
195.202.192.117 4  8493      92      94   749634    0    0 01:29:09        0

lsne-br1#sh access-lists 199
Extended IP access list 199
    permit ip 192.0.0.0 13.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 (35236 matches)
    permit ip 194.0.0.0 9.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 (20987 matches)
    permit ip 198.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 (15285 matches)
    permit ip 206.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.224.0 (894 matches)
    permit ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.192.0 (611 matches)
    permit ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.192.0
    permit ip 128.0.0.0 63.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 (10520 matches)
    permit ip 1.0.0.0 126.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (20 matches)
    permit ip 2.0.0.0 125.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (6 matches)
    permit ip 4.0.0.0 123.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (10 matches)
    permit ip 8.0.0.0 119.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (2 matches)
    permit ip 16.0.0.0 111.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (2 matches)
    permit ip 32.0.0.0 95.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (2 matches)
    permit ip 64.0.0.0 63.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0
    permit ip 9.2.0.0 0.0.255.255 host 255.255.0.0 (2 matches)
    permit ip 9.20.0.0 0.0.255.255 host 255.255.192.0
    permit ip 39.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.128.0.0 255.127.255.255 (1458 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.64.0.0 255.191.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.32.0.0 255.223.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.16.0.0 255.239.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.8.0.0 255.247.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.4.0.0 255.251.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.2.0.0 255.253.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.1.0.0 255.254.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.0.0
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.128.0 255.255.127.255 (4635 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.64.0 255.255.191.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.32.0 255.255.223.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.16.0 255.255.239.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.8.0 255.255.247.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.4.0 255.255.251.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.2.0 255.255.253.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.1.0 255.255.254.255
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.32.0 255.255.223.255 (12062 matches)
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.16.0 255.255.239.255
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.8.0 255.255.247.255
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.4.0 255.255.251.255
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.2.0 255.255.253.255
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.1.0 255.255.254.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.32.0 255.255.223.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.16.0 255.255.239.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.8.0 255.255.247.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.4.0 255.255.251.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.2.0 255.255.253.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.1.0 255.255.254.255
    deny ip any host 255.255.255.0 (9567 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.128 255.255.255.127 (335 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.64 255.255.255.191
    deny ip any 0.0.0.32 255.255.255.223
    deny ip any 0.0.0.16 255.255.255.239
    deny ip any 0.0.0.8 255.255.255.247
    deny ip any 0.0.0.4 255.255.255.251
    deny ip any 0.0.0.2 255.255.255.253
    deny ip any 0.0.0.1 255.255.255.252
    deny ip 240.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 any
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any

After reverting order of specific bit masking:
Right after (clear ip bgp (5378|6730) soft in)..
Neighbor        V    AS MsgRcvd MsgSent   TblVer  InQ OutQ Up/Down  State/PfxRcd
144.85.0.5      4  6893     378     366   808741    0    0 05:56:23       88
194.38.74.206   4  6776     364     383   808741    0    0 05:58:25       21
194.38.74.214   4 65501     359     360   808741    0    0 05:55:46        2
194.38.74.218   4 65402       0       0        0    0    0 never    Idle (Admin)
194.148.254.253 4  3334     361     377   808741    0    0 05:56:36        2
195.89.0.85     4  5378   81719     362   808741    0    0 05:54:09    40707
195.141.225.1   4  6730   31911     350   808741    0    0 05:42:32    42273
195.202.192.33  4  8493    1374    1376   809317    0    0 22:51:19        0
195.202.192.41  4  8493    1374    1376   809317    0    0 22:51:24        0
195.202.192.77  4  8493    1374    1376   809317    0    0 22:51:19        0
195.202.192.117 4  8493     422     424   809317    0    0 06:59:48        0

lsne-br1#sh access-lists 199
Extended IP access list 199
    permit ip 192.0.0.0 13.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 (35360 matches)
    permit ip 194.0.0.0 9.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 (23838 matches)
    permit ip 198.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 (15257 matches)
    permit ip 206.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.224.0 (894 matches)
    permit ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.192.0 (612 matches)
    permit ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.192.0
    permit ip 128.0.0.0 63.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.0.0 (10540 matches)
    permit ip 1.0.0.0 126.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (20 matches)
    permit ip 2.0.0.0 125.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (6 matches)
    permit ip 4.0.0.0 123.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (10 matches)
    permit ip 8.0.0.0 119.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (2 matches)
    permit ip 16.0.0.0 111.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (2 matches)
    permit ip 32.0.0.0 95.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 (2 matches)
    permit ip 64.0.0.0 63.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 255.0.0.0
    permit ip 9.2.0.0 0.0.255.255 host 255.255.0.0 (2 matches)
    permit ip 9.20.0.0 0.0.255.255 host 255.255.192.0
    permit ip 39.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.255.0
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.1.0.0 255.254.255.255 (1434 matches)

means that ~700 networks in the old A class are announced /15

    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.2.0.0 255.253.255.255 (12 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.4.0.0 255.251.255.255 (6 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.8.0.0 255.247.255.255 (6 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.16.0.0 255.239.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.32.0.0 255.223.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.64.0.0 255.191.255.255
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.128.0.0 255.127.255.255 (4 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 127.255.255.255 0.0.0.0 255.255.0.0
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.1.0 255.255.254.255 (2946 matches)

~1500 networks in the old B class are announced /23

    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.2.0 255.255.253.255 (656 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.4.0 255.255.251.255 (281 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.8.0 255.255.247.255 (156 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.16.0 255.255.239.255 (170 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.32.0 255.255.223.255 (205 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.64.0 255.255.191.255 (123 matches)
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 191.255.255.255 0.0.128.0 255.255.127.255 (147 matches)
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.1.0 255.255.254.255 (7752 matches)

~3800 nets announced /23 in the supposedely /18 allocated old C space

    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.2.0 255.255.253.255 (1379 matches)
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.4.0 255.255.251.255 (1047 matches)
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.8.0 255.255.247.255 (770 matches)
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.16.0 255.255.239.255 (676 matches)
    deny ip 206.0.0.0 1.255.255.255 0.0.32.0 255.255.223.255 (422 matches)
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.1.0 255.255.254.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.2.0 255.255.253.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.4.0 255.255.251.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.8.0 255.255.247.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.16.0 255.255.239.255
    deny ip 224.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 0.0.32.0 255.255.223.255
    deny ip any host 255.255.255.0 (9611 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.1 255.255.255.252
    deny ip any 0.0.0.2 255.255.255.253 (18 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.4 255.255.255.251 (28 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.8 255.255.255.247 (22 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.16 255.255.255.239 (53 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.32 255.255.255.223 (102 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.64 255.255.255.191 (92 matches)
    deny ip any 0.0.0.128 255.255.255.127 (45 matches)
    deny ip 240.0.0.0 15.255.255.255 any
    deny ip 0.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any

I know that some old unused A classe were being reallocated
CIDR. Don't know much about anything else.
Also, old 1995 ACL112 doesn't consider europeean allocation
policy (194/8 at /24, 195/8 at /20 for example), while
today sprint filtering policy take this into consideration.

Anyone clueful on this topic? Is old 1995 ACL112 way to
restrictive? or ISP behavior really really bad (RAM is cheap
nowadays.. except cisco RAM :-)

TIA, cheers.

-- 
Philippe Strauss, ingenieur reseau/systemes, Urbanet SA

philippe.strauss@urbanet.ch
tel +41 21 623 30 20
--





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