So how is the 2nd one different from the first? In both cases you give
According to what I understand, there have to be two certificates per
one is the CA-bit enabled certificate, used to sign subsidiary
certificates about resources being given to other people to use.
the other is a self-signed NON-CA certificate, used to sign
route assertions you are attesting to yourself: you make this
cert using the CA cert you get from your logical parent.