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Re: Why so little traffic from C&W
- From: Sean Donelan
- Date: Sun Jun 10 23:10:02 2001
On Sun, 10 June 2001, Sean M. Doran wrote:
> Rachel Warren <email@example.com> quotes Bill Manning and replies:
> | > There was never any governmental sanction of the term or
> | > concept of tier anything associate with the NSFnet or its
> | > transition.
> | And this is definately a good thing.
> It's also not true. NSF 93-52 did indeed specify
> precisely what type of backbone the funded regionals could
> connect to, and it required those distinguished backbones
> to interconnect in specific locations (the "priority" NAPs).
> The name "tier" wasn't used wrt eligible and ineligible
> backbones, but there was an explicit ranking of preference by the
> NSF that was based on specific interconnectivity, and that mapped
> very cleanly onto the then tier-1 backbones, with the exception of
> UUNET, which didn't play (and MFS's NAP wasn't even a "priority" one).
The NSF only specified connectivity to the NAP, not interconnectivity
Due to problems with various NAPs, who connected to what was always in
flux. For example, the Chicago NAP was designated a "priority NAP." But
networks service providers (NSPs) were very slow to connect to chicago. I
believe ANS went through various periods of not connecting, connecting,
and disconnecting at the Chicago NAP. MCI's connection to the chicago NAP
didn't work for months at a time. Well, the MCI vBNS connection worked,
but the InternetMCI connection didn't.
There were some networks which didn't connect to either of the ATM
NAPs (Chicago and San Francisco) because their engineers didn't like
ATM. They only used the Gigaswitch based NAPs. UUNET and Genuity are
examples of networks which declined to connect to the ATM networks for
a long, long time. If I recall my history, PSI and AGIS were the first
two networks to connect to all the priority and non-priority NAPs of the
day (Chicago, New York, San Francisco, MAE-East and the de facto CIX router).
A Sprint engineer was one of the most vocal opponents to the ATM naps.